ICZM and Russian legislation
This is an extraction from the document prepared for HELCOM ICZM State of the Art Report
state agencies responsible for ICZM in the Russian Federation are absent.
Definition of a structure and authorities of state institutions is still
a problem for the control of coastal areas.
Protection of marine resources in coastal and exclusive economical zones is a responsibility of Marine Boundary Forces, the special department of Federal Boundary Guard. Wise-use and protection of resources for fishery (including invertebrates and marine mammals) are under the supervision of State Committee for Fishery which is responsible to adopt the Rules for Fishery and estimate the available stock for each area and species. Department of Hunting and Game belongs to Ministry of Agriculture. This department is responsible for management and protection of game species.
On the regional level regional branches of correspondent ministries have to co-ordinate their activities with regional administration. Regional administration is responsible to create and manage regional level protected areas, such as nature parks, nature monuments and reserves. Regional administration is also responsible to adopt the Regional rules for fishery and regional rules for game and hunting in frame of federal documents. Regional lists of protected and threatened species are also compiled signed by regional authorities.
The mainstream of Russia's conservation policy is in accordance to international agreements and conventions signed by country. The milestones have been determined by global Convention on Biodiversity, Ramsar Convention on the protection of wetlands and regional conventions and agreements such as Helsinki Convention on protection of the Baltic Sea.
On the federal
level several documents determine the conservation strategy. General guidelines
for conservation policy are provided by the Concept of sustainable development
(2002) mentioned above. The approaches to further development of federal
network of the protected areas are identified in General Scheme of Protected
Areas. Territories proposed for zapovedniki and national parks are listed
there. Wetlands, which have to be protected under the Ramsar convention,
are listed in the List of the Ramsar Sites and proposed areas are included
in periodically updated List of Proposed Ramsar Sites. The Red Data Book
of Russian Federation includes species under threat, which could not be
taken off without special permission. The habitats of those species are
under the protection and any type of activity, which could destroy the
object of protection, are prohibited.
The protection of biotopes of the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea is regulated by: