Protection of species
This approach, developed on land, where it has saved a number of species from extinction, develops differently in the sea. It has been used in the sea to protect a number of marine mammal species from extinction, and several other marine species, including certain fish and corals listed for protection. Several species of whales have been brought back from the brink of extinction by international protection, which ended whaling by the vast majority of nations and in effect restricted it for those nations that refuses to stop (Norway, Japan and Iceland). For some species, such as the right whale, protection has come tool late, and extinction of some genetically distinct populations seams inevitable.
There are serious problems with protecting marine biodiversity by protecting endangered species.