The following examples of the need for, or the use of, GIS in coastal management are intended to illustrate the challenges and benefits of using GIS, and also how GIS can be implemented. At the end of each example are contact details if you wish to find out more about any of the examples.
Strymonikos and Ierissos Gulfs, Greece.
This example describes the study area as a complex multiple
use zone, intensively used for tourism and natural resource
exploitation. The area is also subject to uncontrolled
development and deteriorating environmental conditions.
This example illustrates the complexities of a real
coastal zone and highlights the need for high quality
geographic information in order to make sound management
Cavala Prefecture, Greece.
This example identifies the need to establish a Coastal
Observatory to retain geographic data and to organise
a coastal monitoring programme. This example also identifies
clearly the need for adequate information management
to inform coastal management decisions. Kavala
In this example, "unorganised and dispersed" data is
identified as a central problem in the implementation
of a coastal management programme. The example describes
a GIS and databank set up to address this need. Epirus
Lochs Long, Duich and Alsh, Scotland.
This example describes the data management needs resulting
from the implementation of the EU Habitats Directive
and the need to identify Special Areas of Conservation.
The role of GIS in the collection, management, analysis
and presentation of relevant data is explained. Lochs
Long, Duich Alsh example
Wadden Sea, Netherlands, Germany and Denmark
In this example, GIS is used to determine the
feasibility of the establishment of a Particularly Sensitive
Sea Area in the Wadden Sea. GIS is used to map environmental
values, maritime risk and, through spatial analysis,
identify potential PSSA boundaries. Wadden
Black and Azov Seas
This example is taken from the Black Sea Environment
Programme to develop a spatial plan for the Black and
Azov Seas. It explains the context of the use of GIS,
the methodology used and a flow diagram displaying the
analytical procedures. Black
and Azov Seas example