Turkey, Cirali Village Coastal Management Plan
The Coastal Zone Management and Tourism Project at Belek and Cirali remains one of the most important coastal tourism management projects started after 1990 in Turkey. One key aspect of this project is that it did not remained at the academic or planning level, but reached its implementation to quite some extend. From this point of view the studies carried out in Cirali are far ahead of other coastal zone management programs in the country.
Cirali Coastal Zone Management is a part of the project “Tourism and Coastal Zone Management of Turkey”. The executor of the project is the Association for the Protection of Natural Life which had been active in the environmental protection activities in Cirali since 1994. The project started in 1997 by the support of different international institutions was predicted to long for three years. The Ministry of Environment and The Minsitry of Culture and Tourism have also supported the project in Ciralı which was carried out under the “LIFE” program of European Union for 3rd World Countries. United Nations has awarded the project for the Best Practice of HABITAT 2000.
The objective of the project was achieving sustainable and balanced development in the two coastal zones in Antalya one big (Belek)and other smaller (Cirali), protection of bio-diversity and natural resources. In the studies started by World Bank and Association for the Protection of Natural Life in 1995 the objectives were to; raising awareness on sustainable and balanced development among local people, providing cooperation and coordination between relevant institutions, to provide new ways of living at local level to reduce the pressure on natural resources to minimum, provide participation of locals to the activities for the protection of coastal zone, to provide an active means of monitoring and to help actualize the national and international regulations on coasts. The selection of two settlements of different size was to form a model for other regions.
Specific objective of the project was defined as preparing a management plan for Belek which is under intensive pressure of the tourism, and improving the traditional and common new ways of living for Cirali which is not under strong pressure yet and has comparatively unspoiled nature. (Duru, 2003).
The project activities included: Preparation of reconstruction plan for protection, developing environment friendly tourism, supporting ecological agriculture, training local people and children to raise awareness, providing courses for the young, establishing sports activities, studies to protect turtles, observation of the flora and fauna of the region, reconstruction of school toilets, drawing business facilities beyond the coast, providing environment lessons in primary schools, beach cleaning activities.
The most important phase of the Ciralı coastal zone management project is the preparation stage of the implementation plan, completed in the year 2001 and introducing the legal, administrative, physical, social, cultural and spatial characteristics of the region. It identifies objectives, problems and limitations and address the implementation tools and the activities to be carried out. The plan also mentions organizational options to provide cooperation and monitoring for the implementation of the coastal zone management plan.
To carry out the management plan it predicts utilizing; Ciralı Reconstruction Plan for Protection, relevant rules and regulations, Cooperative of Cirali.
The scope of suggested activities in the Coastal Zone Management Plan are; development of organic farming and ecotourism, observing and monitoring environmental pollution, protection of environmental values, supervision of construction activities and housing, infrastructure services, tourism investments and organising Cirali Festival. Among the issues to be emphasized by the plan is developing alternative economic activities to decrease the dependence of the local economy on tourism and the pressure of tourism on the nature. For this purpose, it is recommended to develop eco-tourism e.g. linked to organic farming. (Duru, 2003).
The findings acquired particularly at Çirali could reflect the most typicial problems of coastal zones of Turkey and the new means and ways to overcome those problems.
Cirali beach, Turkey (photo: Claudia Coman)
Cirali beach – Olympos - Turkey (photo: Claudia Coman)