The acronym ICAM stands for: Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management. The term is used by UNEP (United Nations Environment Program). We consider the management strategies defined by UNEP as part of ICAM, as one of the many manifestations of ICZM. Similar concepts are CZM - Coastal Zone Management (U.S.A. law), ICM - Integrated Coastal and ocean Management (a standard work Cicin98), ICM - Integrated Coastal Management (NOAA) and ITCZM - Integrated Tropical Coastal Zone Management (a Thay initiative).