Principles of ICZM




Sources cited

  • Cicin-Sain, Biliana and Robert W. Knecht, 1998. Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management: Concepts and Practices. Island Press, Washington, D.C., 517p.
  • EU, internet. Overview of the programme. (on-line)
  • EU, 1999. Towards a European Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Strategy: the General Principles and Policy Options, a reflection paper. Directorates-General Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protextion Fisheries Regional Policies and Cohesion. (on-line)
  • IPCC, 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Third Assessment Report: Contributions of IPCC Working Group I, Summaries for Policymakers, 20p. (on-line)
  • IPCC, 1993. Preparing to meet the coastal challenges of the 21st century.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Conference Report, ISBN 9036901448, World Coast Conference 1993, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. (on-line)
  • Donella, H. and Meadows, 1972. The limits to growth. Universe Boks, New York.


  • Donella, H. and Meadows, 1992. Beyond the limits. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London.
  • Ozhan, E., 1996. Coastal zone management in Turkey. Ocean and Coastal Management, vol 30. no. 2, pp. 153-176
  • UN, 1999. The World at Six Billion. Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs United Nations Secretariat, New York, ESA/P/WP.154
  • UNCED, 1992. Rio Declaration on environment and development. UN Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 3-14 June 1992. (on-line)
  • UNCED, 1992. Agenda 21. (on-line)
  • UNEP, 1990. An approach to environmental impact assessment for projects affectin gthe coastal and marine environment. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 122.
  • UNEP, 1995. Guidelines for Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Areas. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 161, 80p.
  • World Bank, 1993. Guidelines for Integrated Coastal Zone Management. J. C. Post and C. G. Lundin (editors), Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series No. 9, 16p. 

Further reading

  • European Commission, 1995. Communication from the Commission to the Council and European Parliament on the integrated management of coastal zones. Brussels.
  • European Commission, 1996. Demonstration Programme on integrated management of coastal zones. Brussels.
  • European Commission, 1999. Lessons from the European Commission's Demonstration Programme on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). Luxemburg. (on-line)
  • European Commission, 2000. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on integrated coastal zone management: A strategy for Europe. Brussels.
  • Hoozemans, F.J., R.J.T. Klein, A. Kroon and H.J. Verhagen, 2001. The Coast in Conflict:An interdisciplinary introduction to Coastal Zone Management, A. de Boer (editor), Coastal Zone Management Center, RIKZ, The Netherlands, Workdocument CZM-C 97.02.




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