It is clear that we need to strive towards
sustainable coastal tourism, and the main question is
how to put sustainable development into practice in
all tourism activities - from mass tourism to nature-based
and specialist tourism.
To reach sustainable tourism:
- it must make a contribution
to the preservation, protection and revival
of the ecosystem in coastal regions.
- it must be embedded in a cross-sectoral,
regionally specific, economy and make the maximum
contribution to regional added value.
- it must enable self-determined
cultural development in regions and contribute
to social satisfaction. Tourists are visitors
to the regions, regions are not museums. Regions
are first and foremost areas for living in
and not mainly service providers for tourism.
Positive contributions to the working and
living conditions in the region are rightly
expected (e.g. job structures, infrastructure).
(see also "A
Sustainability Strategy for Tourism"
measures on national and local levels should
be taken to achieve sustainable tourism in coastal
area. (It is difficult to give a list of
measures that are suitable for all regions.
The actions always have to be specified for
- Integrate activities, longer-term
planning and partnership development, promotion
of co-operation between sectors and of integrated
development models across sectors
- support and diversification
of local economy,
- promote local purchasing,
- set up networks of local
- involve local people in marketing,
- strict implementation of
environmental standards on noise, drinking
water, bathing water, waste-water treatment,
- identification and protection
of endangered areas,
- creation of buffer zones
around sensitive areas,
- prohibition of environmentally
harmful sports in jeopardised regions, etc.
- Involve local people in
shaping tourism policy and decisions,
- encourage and support
- support community-based
- involve locally elected
- provide environmental advice
- raise environmental awareness,
- influence visitor behaviour,
increase contact between visitors + locals,