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Given the specification of a concrete ICZM setting in terms of problem/area definition, phase(s) of the ICZM process, and identification of relevant actors, the basic approach involves the assessment of the status of the ICZM process and the role and position of the relevant actors. This can be assessed using four implementation requirement categories, (Resource Analysis, RA/01-456).

  • "Mandate" or: what stakeholders are allowed (and expected) to do, in terms of the responsibilities and executive powers available in performing ICZM tasks, actions and decisions.
  • "Capacity" or: what stakeholders are capable of doing in terms of available knowledge and expertise; specific skills related to the various ICZM tasks (such as analysis, evaluation, design and implementation); (human) resources; and facilities (various equipment).
  • "Commitment" or: the degree to which relevant stakeholders are actually involved with and committed to the successful application of ICZM.
  • "Financial potential" or: the extent of the financial resources available to stakeholders, or the actor's possibilities to raise money, for financing ICZM related tasks and activities.

In order to assess the status of the implementation requirement categories a number of implementation aspects have to be defined in relation to mandate, capacity, commitment and financial potential. Subsequently, qualitative scores can be provided for each implementation aspect. This should be done together with the stakeholders involved in the different phases of an ICZM programme.


Give at least five factors that lead to failure of an ICZM process

The above question shows that ICZM is a multi government level affair (local, regional, national and international). ICZM is not the exclusive domain of one of these levels, but gradually shifts from a national to a local and individual (group) level. Interaction is needed as one level may represent conditions or requirements for other levels. Efficient coordination between them makes trade offs about allocating scarce national resources possible. If capacity is needed to implement major infrastructural works or to enforce legal and financial measures, inputs of the national level will be required. On the local level and individual level management options have direct consequences for the quality of life of people.


Make a list of stakeholder groups (technical, institutional etc.) involved in ICZM in your country


Give at least 3 kinds of information that should be considered if you have to set up an overview of all relevant stakeholders (national, regional and local)?


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