Future development may follow various options. There
are strong demands for urban expansion, which can be realized
either in the existing urban area or in a new residential area along the beach,
as indicated on the map. The construction of a new port for the export
of cassiterite (tin-ore) from the tin-mines along the Kali Migraine is another
option (currently the cassiterite is exported through the small commercial harbour
of Portharbor). To stimulate the regional economy and boost foreign exchange
earnings, tourism is a third option. Through aquacultural
development the local employment and food production can be improved. Agricultural
development, through reclamation activities in Bay Teluk (impoldering) is
a further option as well as double cropping, on the condition that the irrigation
system is improved and the water of the dam in the Rio Pusing can be used exclusively
for irrigation. Finally, the creation of a national
marine reserve east from Cape Rock can be considered. The aim of such a
reserve is to protect the coral reefs from the negative effects of increased
economic activities (industrial, agricultural, aquacultural, and urban development,
as well as intensive tourism).
area: Residential development
There is considerable interest in new residential districts. Investment costs associated with such a development would be 9.2 MUlc/1000 residents.
New cassiterite loading facility
It is expected
that the cassiterite output can be raised to 2 million tons per year, for which
the existing port and its handling facilities at Portharbor will be too limited.
Therefore, the construction of a new port east of the existing port is foreseen,
where handling of the cassiterite and shipping to the external market will take
place. It will be a relatively small port with a single loading facility. Cassiterite
will be transported to the port by barges, for which the Kali Migraine needs
to be regulated. The port and related facilities would generate foreign exchange,
since primarily international vessels will use this port. Foreign currency generated
by such a port would be considerable. However, the new port and the increased
number of vessels would also imply an increase of waste in the waters. The development
of the cassiterite port would require investments in the order of at least 100
MUlc. Smaller investments are considered not useful. The Cassiterite Dredging
Company has also plans to construct an ore processing plant. This plant requires
an investment of 150 - 300 Mulc, and will completely be covered by the company
in their investment plan. However, this is only possible if there is a constant
supply of electricity from the Rio Pusing dam.
There is no provision for any significant expansion in the tourism sector, since the existing hotels in Portharbor are inappropriate for any potential tourist market. The development of new tourist resorts is possible outside the urban area. Possible locations are at Sandy Point, the beach between Portharbor and Cape Rock (wide sandy beach), and the area just north of Hillyvilly. It is expected that the proposed touristic development will attract many international tourists and therefore foreign currency.
There is no opportunity to further develop the traditional fishing activities, whereas the expected local demand will only grow slightly. The recently started aquacultural activities show promising results, and the potentials are far from utilized. The estimated investment costs are 40 M Ulc/km2. The potential production level for aquaculture is 1.2 kg/m2, with a corresponding economic value of 15,000 Ulc/ton. The output from the aquaculture ponds would be for local consumption as well as for export for further processing. Because aquaculture can be considered a kind of industrial development, there is a relatively high rate of return for investments, but the number of generated jobs will be limited.
The areas in and around Bay Teluk have a small agricultural production. However, agricultural production in the Bay may increase considerably when some investments are made. The new dam gives the option of double cropping but then also an improvement of the irrigation system is needed. If the polder is not constructed, the existing farmland west of the Kali Migraine can be improved by intensive irrigation. This will cost in the order of 60 Mulc. Of course, this is only possible when sufficient water is available at the moment it is needed for the rice. This means in fact that the water in the Rio Pusing reservoir has to be stored in the months April- June, and should be used mainly in the end of march/beginning of April and in October.
The required investments
will give a relative small rate of return for income, but it will generate many
jobs in the rural sector.
National marine reserve
In order to protect
the coral reefs and other marine life in the region, and also to provide an
attraction to local and international tourists, the area just outside Bay Teluk,
east of Cape Rock, is proposed to receive the status of a National Marine Reserve.
The establishment of such a reserve would require more stringent water quality
standards at that location