- Partnerships: helps to develop consensus building; build commitment to project and process at the beginning. (see PP in Holland - case study)
- Consensus building: participation process, where stakeholders work together for achievement of results, which has benefit for all.
- Round Tables: ongoing meeting of representative group, which steers project, develops ideas, explores issues, seeks consensus.
- Citizen juries: way of involving informed citizens in judging on public policy issues.