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This module presents a number of case studies that illustrate the need for the integrated management of coastal resources. As illustrated by the ICZM scheme, many of the themes introduced and discussed in the other Coastlearn modules are, in reality, intimately related to each other. It is therefore important that anyone studying coastal management appreciates these connections.

The following examples have been provided by CEE partners, the examples relate to their own experiences of developing a framework for coastal management or the implementation of a coastal management process. The cases are necessarily detailed, as it is often in the detail that greatest insight is provided. They each illustrate both the challenges and opportunities of developing an effective coastal management process.

Integrative case studies

Integrated Coastal Management in Romania
This case study provides up to date information on all topics concerned with the concept of ICM in Romania. The natural, administrative and human elements of the coastal zone are described, followed by the definition of a clear framework within which ICM can be further developed in Romania. Link to Practice example

The management of the Strymonikos coastal zone, Greece
The aim of the project is to demonstrate the benefits of coordinated action for the conservation of coastal zones, by promoting the concerted management of the Strymonikos coastal zone. Pollution and environmental damage have increased in recent years and tourism is expected to grow. Authorities are aware of the need for forward planning. However, the implementation of sustainable development is constrained by the complex jurisdictions of the various administrative bodies involved in the development of the area, the fragmented land-use planning and the insufficient environmental awareness at all levels of decision making. This example explains how these challenges were addressed.Link to Practice example

The following examples of the need for, or the use of, GIS in coastal management are intended to illustrate the challenges and benefits of using GIS, and also how GIS can be implemented. At the end of each example are contact details if you wish to find out more about any of the examples.

Strymonikos and Ierissos Gulfs, Greece.
This example describes the study area as a complex multiple use zone, intensively used for tourism and natural resource exploitation. The area is also subject to uncontrolled development and deteriorating environmental conditions. This example illustrates the complexities of a real coastal zone and highlights the need for high quality geographic information in order to make sound management decisions. Srtymonikos example

Cavala Prefecture, Greece.
This example identifies the need to establish a Coastal Observatory to retain geographic data and to organise a coastal monitoring programme. This example also identifies clearly the need for adequate information management to inform coastal management decisions. Kavala example

Epirus, Greece.
In this example, "unorganised and dispersed" data is identified as a central problem in the implementation of a coastal management programme. The example describes a GIS and databank set up to address this need. Epirus example

Lochs Long, Duich and Alsh, Scotland.
This example describes the data management needs resulting from the implementation of the EU Habitats Directive and the need to identify Special Areas of Conservation. The role of GIS in the collection, management, analysis and presentation of relevant data is explained. Lochs Long, Duich Alsh example

Wadden Sea, Netherlands, Germany and Denmark
In this example, GIS is used to determine the feasibility of the establishment of a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area in the Wadden Sea. GIS is used to map environmental values, maritime risk and, through spatial analysis, identify potential PSSA boundaries. Wadden Sea example

Black and Azov Seas
This example is taken from the Black Sea Environment Programme to develop a spatial plan for the Black and Azov Seas. It explains the context of the use of GIS, the methodology used and a flow diagram displaying the analytical procedures. Black and Azov Seas example








The Saltpans of Secovlje
a Slovenian example of a good partnership between telecomunacation company and the public in preservation of salt-pans that are among the most endangered wetlands in the Mediterranean.
The Saltpans of Secovlje

Cape Madona Underwater Learning Path
a case of educational tourism helping to preserve biodiversity of marine habitats surrounding the cape with historic town of Piran, Slovenia.
Cape Madona Underwater Learning Path

Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta)
a successful example from Slovenia on a joint effort of scientists, fishermen and an oil company in the protection of an endangered species.
Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta)

Posidonia Oceanica Meadow
a Slovenian example of a positive influence of a traffic corridor on conservation of the Posidonia Oceanica meadow, which will now become an example of sustainable tourism supporting biodiversity;
Posidonia Oceanica Meadow

Rehabilitation and Restoration of the Skocjan Inlet

a Slovenian example of successful public participation that stopped degradation of a unique ecosystem and facilitated its restoration into a nature reserve.
Rehabilitation and Restoration of Skocjan Inlet

Revitalization of the Karst Edge
an example of preservation environmentally most important parts of the area with stewardship agreements with the owners, and with creation of the network of micro-reserves in order to protect endangered species and habitats in the area of the Karst Edge in Slovenia.
Revitalization of the Edge of Karst

The Ecological Network of Ponds
an example of efficient communication between local community and state institution for restoration of ponds, and their incorporation into pedagogical processes in Slovenia.
The Ecological Network of Ponds

Chemical company and environmental responsibility

an example of positive experiences of the partnership between a public sector and a profit organisation in preservation of water resources and raising of public awareness from Slovenia.
Chemical Company and Environmental Responsibility

Underground wetlands of Skocjan Caves
an example of sucessful eco-tourism, educational tourism and good protection of the underground wetland from Slovenia.
Underground wetlands of Skocjan Caves

Human Fish (Proteus anguinus)
an example from Slovenia of scientific and educational tourism, well integrated into the general tourist offer of the area, which has positive impacts on preservation of human fish.
Human Fish (Proteus Anguinus)

Photo:Primož Hieng


Photo: Arhiv Morske
biološke postaje Piran


Photo: Arhiv Znanstveno
raziskovalnega središca Koper


Photo: Tamara Celhar


Photo: Arne Hodalic


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