You are here: / Case Studies / QualityCoast Award 2011 - Mangalia - Rumania
Mangalia is a coastal touristic city and a well known therapeutic resort located in the southern part of the Romanian Black Sea coast. Nowadays this resort is visited mostly by the Romanian tourists during the summer time. In the ancient time, Mangalia was a Greek colony called Callatis which become an important economic and social setting during the Hellenistic period. Over the centuries, Callatis was occupied by the Roman and Byzantine empires suffering significantly changes and lately remaining a simple fisherman village.
After 1950 Mangalia city was born and later it became the first Spa Center in Romania due to its natural resources. Also, a harbour and a shipyard were built and became the 2nd harbour after Constanta harbour along the Romanian coast. Mangalia and its surroundings holds green natural areas and a Lake with mezzo thermal sulphurous springs. Mangalia beach resort has a wide beach with golden sand which represents an attraction for the tourists
However beach erosion is the environmental issue that occur in Mangalia and along the entire Romanian Black Sea Coast for years. To stop the coastal erosion in this area hard coastal protection was the solution chosen by the government in the years of 80 when large amount of coastal protection were implemented along the southern part of the Romanian coast. Today the existing coastal protection against erosion are not enough efficient and therefore a Master Plan for coastal erosion is undertaken by the Romanian government that cover all the Romanian coast in order to implement the sustainable coastal protection works that fits with the local conditions and configuration of the coast.
QualityCoast Award 2011
The Municipality of Mangalia was Awarded in 2011 with QualityCoast Bronz
The assessment done on a basis of the criteria groups, shows that Mangalia got excellent results for the bronze status of the Quality Coast Award. Identity got highest assessment while the environmental management lowest assessment of criteria groups.
Mangalia needs to be revitalised to reflourish again because it has a large potential for becoming again the famous resort recognized nationally and internationally for the therapeutic treatments as well as for its nature, culture and tradition
- The existing marine reserve and coastal nature (lakes, Natura 2000 sites, beaches, marine environment) are not sufficiently known and promoted. More information are required to be presented in the touristic broshures, leaflets etc
- More Touristic Information Centres to promote the values of the area . Nature must be promoted as a touristic attraction.
- By creating facilities for the tourists such as path, tracking routs, watching birds stands, the natural areas will become an attraction for tourists and a recreation activity be visited by the tourists
- The existing green policies for the natural areas need further developments and reinforcement.
- Beaches, lakes a are regulated by rules, decisions, laws,( e.g. integrated coastal zone law stipulates the set back lines 50 -150 m) and require real implementation. These information should be available to the public
- Mangalia Beach should fulfil all the 27 imperative criteria’s to obtain the Blue Flag Award. Bathing water quality is just only the first criteria out of 27 regarding the environmental management and safety, environmental education and information. Good example for Blue Flag Marina is the Eforie Nord Marina
- Coastal erosion is being present in the Mangalia beaches. A specific action plan is required to preserve and protect the beaches against erosion. If the action plan exist it must be integrated in the ongoing Master Plan for coastal erosion. Participation of the public and local authorities in developing the Master plan are necessary.
- Waste water treatment was rehabilitated few years ago with the 3 stages within the frame of the EU Programme. These information should be available to the public
- Public transport is available in the resorts during summer. By creating the bicycles infrastructure (lanes) in Mangalia and in the adjacent resorts, it will reduce the traffic pollution and noise. Bikes can be more used in the resorts
- Campaigns on recycling and litter reductions are often taking place on the beach. This activity should be continued and the public must be informed about it
- Waste disposal facilities exists but not on a selective basis for recycling. Renewable energy should be used in the area (e.g solar panels for the hotels and houses)
- The cultural and historical values, although they exists are not sufficiently promoted and recognised as an important attraction of the area. Programs and plans are needed to restore and maintain these values.
- The cultural values and the tradition of the Callatis city and its surroundings should be more promoted at the national and international level
- The local identity and tradition must be preserved. Increase the interest to promote the local traditional identity and their products.
- Considerable distance from residential areas to a quiet, natural area
- More investments in terms of rehabilitation of the touristic facilities and historical values will increase residents satisfaction
- Famous for therapeutically treatments, Mangalia need to bring in the tourists attention the health benefits of their natural resources and its hospitality. Tourists satisfaction are accomplished when the services and facilities of the Spa Centres are in compliance with high standards of quality.
- Considerable improvements of the accommodation facilities are needed in Mangalia and in the neaby resorts
- Revitalization of the therapeutical tourism to become again an attraction for tourists. Therapeutical tourism was the strength point of the area in the past using the natural resources available, the sulphurous mezo-thermal waters. Its improvements will increase the number of tourists in the resort all over the year
- Leisure and recreational activities and facilities are necessary to be improved. New activities are also required to be created to increase the attractiveness of the area. So far the biggest attractiveness is the Callatis Musical Festival which attract the tourists during the end of the summer season
- Local business community is involved mostly in tourism activities and shipping, very little in fishery and organic farming. Revitalisation of the tourism in general is needed.
- More implication of the local community in the decision making process is required
Comments and theory
In many wetland areas there is potential for growth
of forms of tourism that protect and enhance the environment.
This kind of tourism is sometimes referred to as eco-tourism.
This term concentrates on the goal of protecting the
environment without reference to the means for its achievement.
It is a more recent term that seeks to include the means
as well as the goals of responsible tourism. Responsible
tourism refers to a situation where all the stakeholders,
local people, business and institutions gain from the
development of an industry which is set up and run according
to sustainable environmental principles. Such an approach
which recognizes the needs of the local people as well
as their environments can be glossed as "ecotourism
for people". It reflects the growing acknowledgement
among ecologists that local people cannot be left out
of the equation and must be beneficiaries if environmentally
friendly development is to succeed.
Besides the natural environment, the Danube Delta offers
tourists unique historical monuments and cultural traditions
that add to the experience. Ecotourism developments
are very much dependant upon the protection of natural
ecosystems and their associated cultural values. With
the benefits of well-managed tourism flowing into the
local community through local based operators, guides
and facilities, eco-tourism will add activities that
sustain the Danube Delta’s population to the spectrum
of wetlands activities and also it will encourage their
No other development projects or actions are planned
in this area due to its specific aim concerning nature
conservation. During the last years, a remarkable investment
has been made following the sustainable tourism principles.
A the new touristic site with an accommodation capacity
of 230 places which is made up out of 72 places for
bungalows, 158 places in wooden huts and a three stars
hotel has been built. Suitable areas have been arranged
for tent settlements. The touristic development plan
includes all the required facilities for ecological
and sustainable tourism in this natural reserve; Sewage,freshwater
networks, a sewage treatment station and freashwater
treatment have been installed recently. Toilets and
warm water showers, an observation tower for lifeguards
and reed umbrellas for tourist have been placed on the
For the short term, no threats exist which directly
affect the touristic infrastructure and fishery activities.
On the other hand, there have been conflicts between
users and the DDBR Administration. However, beach protection
and preservation needs more attention from local and
governmental authorities in this particular area and
pilot projects are necessary to avoid the potential
risks that could appear in the future.
The population around this area is very interested in
preservation and conservation of this area. At the same
time, the development of eco-tourism creates new jobs
for the locals and this represents an alternative income
resource for them besides the ones from fisheries and
Claudia Coman e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
NIMRD" Grigore Antipa" Constanta, Romania
Pictures are developed by Claudia Coman
you know that...