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Cooperation of actors

Cooperation of actors is an on-going arrangement between two or more parties, based upon satisfying specially identified and mutual needs. Such cooperation is characterised by durability over time, inclusiveness and flexibility.

Potential actors include:

  • Organisations within the established tourism industry, particularly tour operators
  • The government tourism bureau and natural resource agencies, especially the park service
  • Aborigines community that often has clashed with tourists
  • Non-governmental organisations (NGOs), especially those involved with environmental issues and small business management and traditional community development
  • Universities and other research organisations
  • Other communities, including those with a history of tourism and also those that are just beginning
  • Public and private funding institutions and national cultural committees, etc.

Example: 5th International Conference on Sustainable Tourism (June’ 2012)

Sustainable Tourism 2012 aims to find ways to protect the natural and cultural landscape through the development of new solutions which minimise the adverse effects of tourism. This can be achieved through the development of new strategies involving the active collaboration of society as a whole. Such solutions ought to cope with the continuous growth of tourism impacts on the country including culture and society.
Sustainable Tourism 2012 is the fifth meeting organised in this successful series. The first was held in Segovia, Spain (2004); followed by Bologna, Italy (2006); Malta (2008) and the New Forest, UK (2010). Tourism has become a major international industry, with many countries all over the world relying on the income it produces. Its economic advantages as a major source of finance and employment leads to its active promotion by governments and other institutions, independent of the consequences on the environment, ecology and social structure of affected regions.

This international conference will explore issues concerned with achieving environmental, social and economic sustainability of tourism alongside the governance mechanisms needed to support sustainable tourism. It could also discuss how new resources ought to be employed to avoid the errors committed in the past and propose remedial actions when required. The meeting will also focus on empirical work and case studies from around the world, which can offer new insights and best practice guidance.
Sustainable Tourism 2012 will adopt a multi-disciplinary approach and will aim specifically to foster greater understanding and collaboration between scientists and social science experts, practitioners and policy makers. It will take a broad view of this sophisticated and complex industry, and will examine the practice of sustainable tourism from global travel trends through to destination and site management. Innovative solutions, including those involving ecological tourism are particularly welcome, as well as cultural initiatives that will lead to better approaches to tourism with the objective of preserving the diversity of our planet.

More information about the Event: (


In Belek, a touristic town on the Turkish coast, a management association (Beytuyab) was founded in 1988 to realize the coordination and cooperation among the investors: The local inhabitants, the official associations and establishments and the relevant ministries (Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Forestry, etc.). Every company investing in Belek is obligated to be a member of Beytuyab. The association is responsible for the management of the infrastructure of the region (water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, communication, transportation, solid waste management, etc.) in addition to other issues such as public awareness, biodiversity conservation and controlling forest fires. The association is supported by scientific research carried out by the local universities for practicing sustainable tourism in the area. This type of cooperation among the actors involved in tourism development has led to the success of sustainable tourism in Belek. Such a system has become an example for management of the nearby tourist areas along the Turkish Mediterranean coast (Belek case study).