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Sustainable Coastal Tourism has the potential to promote
social development through employment creation, income
redistribution and poverty alleviation. Positive impacts
of sustainable tourism are explained below.
as a force for peace
Travelling brings people into contact
with each other. As sustainable tourism has an educational
element it can foster understanding between people and
cultures and provide cultural exchange between hosts
and guests. This increases the chances for people to
develop mutual sympathy and understanding and to reduce
Sustainable Coastal Tourism can add to
the vitality of communities in many ways. Examples are
events and festivals of the local residents where they
have been the primary participants and spectators. Often
these are refreshed and developed in response to tourists’
The jobs created by tourism can act as a very important
motivation to reduce emigration from rural areas. Local
people can also increase their influence on tourism
development, as well as improve their jobs and earnings
prospects through tourism-related professional training
and development of business and organizational skills.
During the first Global Summit on Peace Through Tourism
(November 2000), more than 450 world leaders of the
travel and tourism industry ratified an "Amman Declaration"
that recognized travel and tourism as a global peace
industry. The document committed itself to building
a culture of peace through tourism that supports tourism
as a fundamental human activity. Free of undue restriction
and respectful of human differences and cultural diversity.
"Peaceful relationships among all people should be promoted
and nurtured through sustainable tourism", the document
said. It called for protection and restoration of historical
monuments and landmarks, accessible to all people, as
"valuable assets for humanity and legacies for future
generations". Preservation and wise use of the environment,
coupled with ecological balance, "are essential to the
future of tourism" while acknowledging "ancient wisdom
and care for the Earth"( International
Institute for Peace Through Tourism).
of facilities as a benefit to residents
In cases where the tourism industry supports the creation
of community facilities and services that otherwise
might not have been developed can bring higher well-being
standards to a destination. Benefits can include upgraded
infrastructures, health and transport improvements,
new sport and recreational facilities, restaurants and
public spaces as well as an influx of better-quality
commodities and food.
For quite some years now, the Aldemar Hotels in Greece
have been working with the local communities in order
to protect the surrounding environment as well as improving
the quality of people’s lives. Together with its employees
they are running the environmental programme "Mare Verde"
and they also participate in several international environmental
programmes and organisations such as Green
Globe or the WWF.
Among other things, the Mare Verde programme involves
energy saving by using solar panels; tree planting campaigns;
buying fruit, vegetables and seasonal plants from local
farms; hosting an annual eco-cultural festival; and
encouraging the staff to continually develop their knowledge
on environmental issues. Additionally, their beaches
have been awarded the European Blue Flags from 1998
£ukêcin and Pobierowo are good examples of
a tourist development of the seaside resorts in West Pomeranian
In the past, the town of £ukêcin was a
very small agricultural village. Tourists started visiting
it at the beginning of the 20th century. Looking at
a map from 1943 the built-up area was about 500-700
meters from the seaside. Nowadays the town of £ukêcin
has extended eastwards and a tourist and recreation
centre provided with rest houses has been developed.
The road from Dziwnow to Rewal was built to facilitate
the travel between seaside resorts and to improve the
transportal infrastructure of the village.
A history of Pobierowo started in the 16th century
and was connected with a German family called Kleis.
In the later half of the 19th century Pobierowo started
changing its agricultural character because of the degradation
of the agricultural grounds due to the coastal sand.
That is why at the beginning of the 21st century there
were only 3 farmers where as in 1886 there were dozens
In 1907 the "Seeblick" Hotel was built at the seaside
by a farmer called Frohreich. That was the beginning
of bathing and recreation in Pobierowo. Later on, other
farmer families started to settle in the western part
of the town. In 1939 an important land owner divided
his possessions into 800 square metres plots of land
and sold them to people from Berlin who built small
wooden holiday houses there.
Nowadays the main tourist street is Grunwaldzka Street
which is situated 100 metres from the coastline. This
street is almost 4 kilometres long and links the eastern
and the western part of the town.
These two seaside resorts are well
known for their wide and clean beaches, cliffs, ancient
pine and spruce forests. The town of £ukêcin
and the town of Pobierowo are still developing dynamically
at the seaside but they also have their specific character
of tourist towns.
Sinop became one of the most important cruise shipping destinations on the Black Sea basin
Sinop is located in the Middle Black Sea Region in the administrative classification of Turkey. The province, which is situated on Boztepe Cape and Peninsula, which extends northward, is located between 41° 12' and 42° 06' North latitudes and 34° 14' 35° 26' east longitudes.
The city has two ports: one in northwest and one in Southeast. The main port is located on the bay on southeast. Akliman and Hamsilos bays are two of the important shelters of the past.
In addition to such ports as Constanta, Varna, Sochi, and Batumi, Sinop became one of the most important cruise shipping destinations on the Black Sea basin.
From 2007, Sinop is a member of the destination medcruise, set up in Rome on the 11th of June 1996, the Association of Mediterranean Cruise Ports. Since then, tens of cruise ships have visited the city each year. Today, the association, which Sinop is also a member of, has grown to 55 members representing 78 ports around the Mediterranean region, including the Black Sea, the Red Sea and the Near Atlantic, plus 20 associate members, representing other associations, tourist boards and ship/port agents. Local authorities closely follow the agenda of Cruise Shipping Miamai, the leading international exhibition and conference serving the cruise industry. Cruise shipping is one of the most important potential tourism areas.
Sinop, Turkey - Cruiseshipping
of culture and traditions
Sustainable Tourism has the potential to improve the
preservation and transmission of cultural and historical
traditions. Contributing to the conservation and sustainable
management of natural resources can bring usually the
chance to protect local heritage or to revitalize native
cultures, for instance by regenerating cultural arts
TTourism that encourages social involvement
In some cases, tourism also helps to raise local awareness
concerning the financial value of natural and cultural
sites. It can stimulate a feeling of pride in local
and national heritage and interest in its conservation.
More broadly, the involvement of local communities in
sustainable tourism development and operation seems
to be an important condition for the sustainable use
and conservation of the biodiversity.
On Hjälmö, an island of the archipelago of
Stockholm, Sweden, some families of Västergården
are running a guiding tour company, along with their
ecological farming. Visitors can come and stay at the
island and take tours in the archipelago and they can
also buy the products of the farm like archipelago salami,
smoked lamb and fleece. The tours of Västergården
are custom-made and dependant on what the visitors want.
During the tour, the guide lets the visitors know what
the archipelago consists of and how it is to live on
an island in the archipelago, both at present and historically.
How the archipelago was created, how wind, weather,
water and man have helped to form it the way it is today
are other issues that are explained. The visitors get
to know the natural and cultural landscape they find
themselves in and the importance of the agricultural
landscape in the archipelago.It is significant that
it is sustained for the future (Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen
Society for Nature Conservation).
To 2011, there are 3009 beaches and 639 marinas awarded the Blue Flag worldwide. Follow the links for detailed information on sites in each country www.blueflag.org
About the criteria:
The Blue Flag works towards sustainable development of beaches and marinas through strict criteria dealing with Water Quality, Environmental Education and Information, Environmental Management, and Safety and Other Services
Blue Flag beaches and marinas awarded by the International Jury in 2011/2012:
Bulgaria – 11 Beaches and 1 Marina
Turkey – 314 Beaches and 17 Marinas
Romania – 1 Beache and 0 Marinas
The Azores and sustainability
The Azores are an excellent example of a region developing tourism on the basis of its own local identity and the local products of the islands, that also provide an amazing scenic beauty, wildlife, and a clean environment. The region gives high priority to environmental conservation of the islands and the sea surrounding them, to its architectonic patrimony, its traditions and cultural heritage. It does not allow tourism to spoil these values.
The Azores have grown their own food and drink for a long time. The Azores has profited from local and regional product brands, especially wine, cheese, fruits (passion fruit), tea and tuna. Azores tuna is captured with traditional poles and lines, in a dolphin friendly manner; it is among the most sustainable canned tuna in the world market. Its tourism policy has been beneficial to the local economy. The region has managed to turn the economic drawback due to the international ban on commercial whaling into an opportunity by developing whale watching. A high unemployment, some twenty years ago, has changed into the lowest unemployment among Portuguese regions.
The Azores regional authority aims at exploring and optimizing renewable energy, in particular wind, geothermic and biomass. Currently 28% of the energy originates from renewable resources, targeted at 75% in 2018.
(Source: QualityCoast Programme www.qualitycoast.info)
FEE joins the Global Sustainable Tourism Council initiative
In April 2011, the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) announces that together with Blue Flag and Green Key programmes they have joined the Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC), an international initiative dedicated to promoting sustainable tourism practices around the world. The GSTC works to expand understanding of and access to sustainable tourism practices; helps identify and generate markets for sustainable tourism; educates about and advocates for a set of universal principles, as defined by the Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria. The Criteria, a set of voluntary principles that provide a framework for the sustainability of tourism businesses across the globe, is the cornerstone of the initiative.
As a new member, FEE will work with the GSTC in its region to promote sustainable tourism principles as well as encourage the adoption of the Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria. As part of the initiative, each member commits to promoting the GSTC to its customers, vendors and peers. Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development. A suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee lasting sustainability.
More information about GSTC can be found at www.gstcouncil.org
for the tourists of Sustainable Tourism
The benefits of sustainable tourism
for visitors are numerous: they can enjoy unspoiled
nature and landscapes, environmental quality (clean
air and water), a healthy community with low crime rate,
thriving and authentic local culture and traditions.
Exercise for user
Considering the drawing elements from definitions
of sustainable tourism as quoted above, make a
check list of criteria that you would use to asses
the sustainability of coastal tourism