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Water resources are mainly surface and groundwater.

Examples of surface water resources are rivers, lakes, reservoirs, seas and oceans. They are used for many purposes such as drinking, irrigation, industry and recreation. The uses of groundwater and surface water are adversely affected when the water quality deteriorates as they cannot then be supplied for their main purposes.  As an example, polluted water bodies cannot be used to supply urbanized areas or for industries. Similarly, polluted beaches cannot be used for swimming because the water quality might place in risk public health.

Groundwater and surface water should therefore be protected from pollution. This is usually done by proper collection, treatment and disposal of the wastes.

Water quality management, CoastLearn & ICZM

Water quality management (WQM) is an important tool for distance training on Integrated Coastal Management (Coastlearn). All the other modules of Coastlearn such as planning, biodiversity conservation and sustainable tourism management are directly or indirectly interrelated with WQM. For example, the main issue of marine biodiversity conservation is to maintain high water quality. Also, sustainable tourism depends on beaches with high water quality that is suitable for swimming and other recreational activities. Integrated Coastal Zone Management as a multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinar, participatory process is essential for practicing WQM.